Gregory Evans Dowd, A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745-1815 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992)
The primary foil of A Spirited Resistance is the traditional view of Shawnee leader Tecumseh as the paramount instigator of the largest pan-Indian coalition in American history. Dowd creates a more important context for Tecumseh’s early Nineteenth Century movement in the generations-long Indian religious and political reformation. Of course, the story in this book is much larger than one man. Dowd endeavors to describe the movement toward a pan-Indian consciousness in the Eastern Woodlands beginning in the 1750s and continuing until the War of 1812 when American power stood unchecked east of the Mississippi. This movement cannot be understood, says Dowd, without considering the role of Indian religious developments.